श्रीमद् भगवद्गीता

मूल श्लोकः

इदं ज्ञानमुपाश्रित्य मम साधर्म्यमागताः।

सर्गेऽपि नोपजायन्ते प्रलये न व्यथन्ति च।।14.2।।

English Commentary By Swami Sivananda

14.2 इदम् this? ज्ञानम् knowledge? उपाश्रित्य having taken refuge in? मम My? साधर्म्यम् unity? आगताः have attained to? सर्गे at the time of creation? अपि also? न not? उपजायन्ते are born? प्रलये at the time of dissolution? न not? व्यथन्ति are (they) disturbed? च and.Commentary Having resorted to this knowledge they (the sages) are assimilated into My own nature. They have attained to My Being. They have become identical with Me. They live in Me with no thought of thou or I. They go beyond birth and death. There is no birth for them when creation begins and there is no death for them at the time of dissolution. Having reached Me they attain eternity? immortality and perfection. Having become identical with Me through the attainment of the knowledge of the Self by practising the necessary means? they are neither born at the time of creation nor are they disited at the time of dissolution. Knowledge of the Self is eulogised by the Lord in this verse.

English Translation of Abhinavgupta's Sanskrit Commentary By Dr. S. Sankaranarayan

14.2 Idam etc. Vyathanti : The suffix tip (Personal Termination, Third person, Singular) is due to Vedism. The same may be stated in other [similar] instances of the suffixes of Case Terminations and Personal Terminations. Now to begin with, [the Bhagavat] speaks of the seence in the cycle of birth and death. For, if what is to be abandoned is understood along with its cause then it is easy to abandon that -

English Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Gambirananda

14.2 Agatah, those who attain; mama sadharmyam, identity with Me the supreme God, unity with My real nature-sadharmyam, however, does not mean similarity of attributes, for, in the scripture Gita, distinction between the Knower of the field and God is not admitted; and this statement of the result is by way of eulogy-; upasritya, by resorting to i.e. by following; idam, this; jnanam, Knowledge as described, i.e., by following the means to Knowledge; na, are not; upajayante, born, produced; api, even; sarge, during creation; nor do they vyathanti, suffer pain, i.e. they do not perish; pralaye, during dissolution, when even Brahma perishes. The Lord says that association of this kind between the field and the Knower of the field is the origin of all beings:

English Translation By Swami Gambirananda

14.2 Those who attain identity with Me by resorting of this Knowledge are not born even during creation, nor do they suffer pain during dissolution.