श्रीमद् भगवद्गीता

मूल श्लोकः

ध्यायतो विषयान्पुंसः सङ्गस्तेषूपजायते।

सङ्गात् संजायते कामः कामात्क्रोधोऽभिजायते।।2.62।।


Hindi Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Harikrishnadas Goenka

।।2.62।।इतना कहनेके उपरान्त अब यह पतनाभिमुख पुरुषके समस्त अनर्थोंका कारण बतलाया जाता है

विषयोंका ध्यान चिन्तन करनेवाले पुरुषकी अर्थात् शब्दादि विषयोंके भेदोंकी बारंबार आलोचना करनेवाले पुरुषकी उन विषयोंमें आसक्ति प्रीति उत्पन्न हो जाती है। आसक्तिसे कामना तृष्णा उत्पन्न होती है। कामसे अर्थात् किसी भी कारणवश विच्छिन्न हुई इच्छासे क्रोध उत्पन्न होता है।

Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Abhinavgupta

।।2.62।।यत्तस्यापीति। यत् यस्मात् तस्यापि तपस्विनो मन इन्द्रियैः ह्रियते। अथवा यत्तस्य सयत्नस्यापि। योगिना च मन एव जेतव्यमिति द्वितीयो निर्णीतः।

Hindi Translation By Swami Ramsukhdas

।।2.62 -- 2.63।। विषयोंका चिन्तन करनेवाले मनुष्यकी उन विषयोंमें आसक्ति पैदा हो जाती है। आसक्तिसे कामना पैदा होती है। कामनासे क्रोध पैदा होता है। क्रोध होनेपर सम्मोह (मूढ़भाव) हो जाता है। सम्मोहसे स्मृति भ्रष्ट हो जाती है। स्मृति भ्रष्ट होनेपर बुद्धिका नाश हो जाता है। बुद्धिका नाश होनेपर मनुष्यका पतन हो जाता है।

Hindi Translation By Swami Tejomayananda

।।2.62।। विषयों का चिन्तन करने वाले पुरुष की उसमें आसक्ति हो जाती है? आसक्ति से इच्छा और इच्छा से क्रोध उत्पन्न होता है।।

Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya


 ध्यायतः  चिन्तयतः  विषयान्  शब्दादीन् विषयविशेषान् आलोचयतः  पुंसः  पुरुषस्य  सङ्गः  आसक्तिः प्रीतिः  तेषु  विषयेषु  उपजायते  उत्पद्यते।  सङ्गात्  प्रीतेः  संजायते  समुत्पद्यते  कामः  तृष्णा।  कामात्  कुतश्चित् प्रतिहतात्  क्रोधः अभिजायते।।

English Translation By Swami Adidevananda

2.62 To a man thinking about sense-objects, there arises attachment to them; form attachment arises desire, from desire arises anger;

English Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Gambirananda

2.62 Pumsah, in the case of a person; dhyayatah, who dwells on, thinks of; visayan, the objects, the specialities [Specialities: The charms imagined in them.] of the objects such as sound etc.; upajayate, there arises; sangah, attachment, fondness, love; tesu, for them, for those objects. Sangat, from attachment, from love; sanjayate, grows; kamah, hankering, thirst. When that is obstructed from any arter, kamat, from hankering; abhijayate, springs; krodhah, anger. Krodhat, from anger; bhavati, follows; sammohah, delusion, absence of discrimination with regard to what should or should not be done. For, an angry man, becoming deluded, abuses even a teacher. Sammohat, from delusion; (comes) smrti-vibhramah, failure of memory originating from the impressions acired from the instructions of the scriptures and teachers. When there is an occasion for memory to rise, it does not occur. Smrti-bhramsat, from that failure of memory; (results) buddhi-nasah, loss of understanding. The unfitness of the mind to discriminate between what should or should not be done is called loss of understanding. Buddhi-nasat, from the loss of understanding; pranasyati, he perishes. Indeed, a man continues tobe himself so long as his mind remains fit to distinguish between what he ought to and ought not do. When it becomes unfit, a man is verily ruined. Therefore, when his internal organ, his understanding, is destroyed, a man is ruined, i.e. he becomes unfit for the human Goal. Thinking of objects has been said to be the root of all evils. After that, this which is the cause of Liberation is being now stated: [If even the memory of objects be a source of evil, then their enjoyment is more so. Hence, a sannyasin seeking Liberation cannot avoid this evil, since he has to move about for food which is necessary for the maintenance of his body. The present verse is an answer to this apprehension.]

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Adidevananda

2.62 Indeed, in respect of a person, whose attachment to sense-objects is expelled but whose mind is not focussed on Me, even though he controls the senses, contemplation on sense-objects is unavoidable on account of the impressions of sins from time immemorial. Again attachment increases fully in 'a man who thinks about sense-objects'. From attachment arises desire.' What is called 'desire' is the further stage of attachment. After reaching that stage, it is not possible for a man to stay without experiencing the sense-objects. 'From such desire arises anger.' When a desire exists without its object being nearby, anger arises against persons nearby under the following. 'Our desire is thwarted by these persons.' 'From anger there comes delusion'. Delusion is want of discrimination between what ought to be done and what ought not to be done. Not possessing that discrimination one does anything and everything. Then there follows the failure of memory, i.e., of the impressions of the earlier efforts of sense control, when one strives again to control the senses.