श्रीमद् भगवद्गीता

मूल श्लोकः

साधिभूताधिदैवं मां साधियज्ञं च ये विदुः।

प्रयाणकालेऽपि च मां ते विदुर्युक्तचेतसः।।7.30।।


Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Ramanuja

।।7.30।।अत्र य इति पुनर्निर्देशात् पूर्वनिर्दिष्टेभ्यः अन्ये अधिकारिणो ज्ञायन्ते।साधिभूतं साधिदैवं माम् ऐश्वर्यार्थिनो ये विदुः इत्येतद् अनुवादस्वरूपम् अपि अप्राप्तार्थत्वात् तद्विधायकम् एव।तथा साधियज्ञम् इत्यपि त्रयाणाम् अधिकारिणाम् अविशेषेण विधीयते अर्थस्वाभाव्यात् त्रयाणां हि नित्यनैमित्तिकरूपमहायज्ञाद्यनुष्ठानम् अवर्जनीयम्।ते च प्रयाणकालेऽपि स्वाप्राप्यानुगुणं मां विदुः।ते च इति चकारात् पूर्वे जरामरणमोक्षाय यतमानाश्च प्रयाणकालेऽपि विदुः इति समुच्चीयन्ते। अनेन ज्ञानिनः अपि अर्थस्वाभाव्यात् साधियज्ञं मां विदुः प्रयाणकाले अपि स्वप्राप्यानुगुणं मां विदुः इति उक्तं भवति।

Hindi Translation By Swami Ramsukhdas

।।7.30।। जो मनुष्य अधिभूत, अधिदैव और अधियज्ञके सहित मुझे जानते हैं, वे युक्तचेता मनुष्य अन्तकालमें भी मुझे ही जानते हैं अर्थात् प्राप्त होते हैं।

English Translation By Swami Adidevananda

7.30 And those who know Me with the Adhibhuta, Adhidaiva and the Adhiyajna, they too, with their minds fixed in meditation, know Me even at the hour of death.

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Adidevananda

7.30 Here, other alified persons distinct from those already mentioned (i.e., those who desire Kaivalya) are to be understood, because of the mention again of the term 'those' (ye). Even though the declaration - those seekers of fortune who know Me as being connected with the higher material entities' (Adhibhuta) and 'with that which is higher to divinities' (Adhidaiva) i.e., the self in Its lordship - resmles a repetition, it is really an injunction on account of the meaning not being known otherwise. The statement of knowing Me as being connected with the sacrifice is also enjoined as an injunction for all the three types of differently alified aspirants (those who aspire for Kaivalya, wealth and liberation) without any difference, because of the nature of the subject matter, that being sacrificial. None of the three types of aspirants can give up the performance of the great sacrifices and other rituals in the form of periodical and occasional rituals. They know Me at the hour of death in a way corresponding with their objectivies. Because of the term ca (too) in 'they too,' those who have been mentioned before as 'striving for release from old age and death' are also to be understood along with the others as knowing Me at the hour of death. By this, even the Jnanin knows Me as being connected with the sacrifice on account of the nature of the meaning of the subject treated (i.e., sacrifice). They also know Me even at the hour of death in a way corresponding with their objective. The purport is that, besides the others mentioned earlier like the knower of the Self, those others who are now described as knowing Him with Adhibhuta, Adhidaiva and Adhiyajna are to be included among those who will know Him at the time of death.

English Translation By Swami Gambirananda

7.30 Those who know me as existing in the physical and the divine planes, and also in the context of the sacrifice, they of concentrated minds know Me even at the time of death.