श्रीमद् भगवद्गीता

मूल श्लोकः

कर्मण्येवाधिकारस्ते मा फलेषु कदाचन।

मा कर्मफलहेतुर्भूर्मा ते सङ्गोऽस्त्वकर्मणि।।2.47।।


Hindi Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Harikrishnadas Goenka

।।2.47।।तेरा कर्ममें ही अधिकार है ज्ञाननिष्ठामें नहीं। वहाँ ( कर्ममार्गमें ) कर्म करते हुए तेरा फलमें कभी अधिकार न हो अर्थात् तुझे किसी भी अवस्थामें कर्मफलकी इच्छा नहीं होनी चाहिये।
यदि कर्मफलमें तेरी तृष्णा होगी तो तू कर्मफलप्राप्तिका कारण होगा। अतः इस प्रकार कर्मफलप्राप्तिका कारण तू मत बन।
क्योंकि जब मनुष्य कर्मफलकी कामनासे प्रेरित होकर कर्ममें प्रवृत्त होता है तब वह कर्मफलरूप पुनर्जन्मका हेतु बन ही जाता है।
यदि कर्मफलकी इच्छा न करें तो दुःखरूप कर्म करनेकी क्या आवश्यकता है इस प्रकार कर्म न करनेमें भी तेरी आसक्तिप्रीति नहीं होनी चाहिये।

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Adidevananda

2.47 As for obligatory, occasional and desiderative acts taught in the Vedas and associated with some result or other, you, an aspirant established in Sattva, have the right only to perform them: You have no right to the fruits known to be derived from such acts. Acts done with a desire for fruit bring about bondage. But acts done without an eye on fruits form My worship and become a means for release. Do not become an agent of acts with the idea of being the reaper of their fruits. Even when you, who are established in pure Sattva and are desrious of release, perform acts, you should not look upon yourself as the agent. Likewise, it is necessary to contemplate yourself as not being the cause of even appeasing hunger and such other bodily necessities. Later on it will be said that both of these, agency of action and desire for fruits, should be considered as belonging to Gunas, or in the alternative to Me who am the Lord of all. Thinking thus, do work. With regard to inaction, i.e., abstaining from performance of duties, as when you said, 'I will not fight,' let there be no attachment to such inaction in you. The meaning is let your interest be only in the discharge of such obligatory duties like this war in the manner described above. Sri Krsna makes this clear in the following verse:

English Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Gambirananda

2.47 Te, your; adhikarah, right; is karmani eva, for action alone, not for steadfastness in Knowledge. Even there, when you are engaged in action, you have ma kadacana, never, i.e. under no condition whatever; a right phalesu, for the results of action may you not have a hankering for the results of action. Whenever you have a hankering for the fruits of action, you will become the agent of aciring the results of action. Ma, do not; thus bhuh, become; karma-phalahetuh, the agent of aciring the results of action. For when one engages in action by being impelled by thirst for the results of action, then he does become the cause for the production of the results of action. Ma, may you not; astu, have; sangah, an inclination; akarmani, for inaction, thinking, 'If the results of work be not desired, what is the need of work which involves pain?'