श्रीमद् भगवद्गीता

मूल श्लोकः

इन्द्रियाणि पराण्याहुरिन्द्रियेभ्यः परं मनः।

मनसस्तु परा बुद्धिर्यो बुद्धेः परतस्तु सः।।3.42।।


Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya

।।3.42।। इन्द्रियाणि श्रोत्रादीनि पञ्च देहं स्थूलं बाह्यं परिच्छिन्नं च अपेक्ष्य सौक्ष्म्यान्तरत्वव्यापित्वाद्यपेक्षया पराणि प्रकृष्टानि आहुः पण्डिताः। तथा इन्द्रियेभ्यः परं मनः संकल्पविकल्पात्मकम्। तथा मनसः तु परा बुद्धिः निश्चयात्मिका। तथा यः सर्वदृश्येभ्यः बुद्ध्यन्तेभ्यः आभ्यन्तरः यं देहिनम् इन्द्रियादिभिः आश्रयैः युक्तः कामः ज्ञानावरणद्वारेण मोहयति इत्युक्तम्। बुद्धेः परतस्तु सः सः बुद्धेः द्रष्टा परमात्मा।।ततः किम्

English Translation By Swami Gambirananda

3.42 They say that the organs are superior (to the gross body); the mind is superior to the organs; but the intellect is superior to the mind. However, the one who is superior to the intellect is He.

English Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Gambirananda

3.42 The learned ones ahuh, say; that indriyani, the five [Five sense-organs: of vision, hearning, taste, smell and touch; five motor-organs: hands, feet, speech, and for excretion and generation-these latter five are also understood in the present context.] organs-ear etc., are parani, superior, to the external, gross and limited body, from the point of view of subtlety, inner position, pervasiveness, etc. So also, manah, the mind, having the nature of thinking and doubting; [Sankalpa: will, volition, intention, thought, reflection, imangination, etc. vikalpa:doubt, uncertainly, indecision, suspicion, error, etc.-V.S.A.] is param, superior; indriyhyah, to the organs. Similarly, buddhih, the intellect, having the nature of determination; is para, superior; manasah, to the mind. And yah, the one who is innermost as compared with all the objects of perception ending with the intellect, and with regard to which Dweller in the body it has been said that desire, in association with its 'abodes' counting from the organs, deludes It by shrouding Knowledge; sah, that one; is tu, however; paratah, superior; buddheh, to the intellect- He, the supreme Self, is the witness of the intellect. [The portion, 'with regard to which Dweller৷৷.the supreme Self,' is translated from Ast. Which has the same reading here as the A.A. The G1. Pr. Makes the "abode'' counting from the organs' an adjective of 'the Dweller in the body', and omits the portion, 'is tu, however৷৷.buddheh, to the intellect'.-Tr.]