श्रीमद् भगवद्गीता

मूल श्लोकः

न हि कश्िचत्क्षणमपि जातु तिष्ठत्यकर्मकृत्।

कार्यते ह्यवशः कर्म सर्वः प्रकृतिजैर्गुणैः।।3.5।।


Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya

।।3.5।। न हि यस्मात् क्षणमपि कालं जातु कदाचित् कश्चित् तिष्ठति अकर्मकृत् सन्। कस्मात् कार्यते प्रवर्त्यते हि यस्मात् अवश एव अस्वतन्त्र एव कर्म सर्वः प्राणी प्रकृतिजैः प्रकृतितो जातैः सत्त्वरजस्तमोभिः गुणैः। अज्ञ इति वाक्यशेषः यतो वक्ष्यतिगुणैर्यो न विचाल्यते इति। सांख्यानां पृथक्करणात् अज्ञानामेव हि कर्मयोगः न ज्ञानिनाम्। ज्ञानिनां तु गुणैरचाल्यमानानां स्वतश्चलनाभावात् कर्मयोगो नोपपद्यते। तथा च व्याख्यातम् वेदाविनाशिनम् इत्यत्र।।यत्त्वनात्मज्ञः चोदितं कर्म नारभते इति तदसदेवेत्याह

English Translation By Swami Gambirananda

3.5 Because, no one ever remains even for a moment without doing work. For all are made to work under compulsion by the gunas born of Nature.

English Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Gambirananda

3.5 Hi, because; na kascit, no one; jatu, ever; tisthati, remains; api, even; for so much time as a ksanam, moment; akarma-krt, without doing work. Why? Hi, for; sarvah, all creatures; karyate karma, are made to work; verily avasah, under compulsion; gunaih, by the gunas-sattva (goodness); rajas (activity), and tamas (mental darkness); prakrti-jaih, born of Nature. The word 'unenlightened' has to be added to the sentence, since the men of realzation have been spoken of separately in, 'who is not distracted by the three gunas (alities)' (14.23). For Karma-yoga is meant only for the unenlightened, nor for the men of Knowledge. Karma-yoga, on the other hand, is not pertinent for the men of Knowledge who, because of their not moving away from their own Self, are not shaken by the gunas. This has been explained similarly in, 'he who has known this One as indestructible' (2.21). But, if one who is not a knower of the self does not perform prescribed action, then this is certainly bad. Hence the Lord says: