श्रीमद् भगवद्गीता

मूल श्लोकः

अथवा बहुनैतेन किं ज्ञातेन तवार्जुन।

विष्टभ्याहमिदं कृत्स्नमेकांशेन स्थितो जगत्।।10.42।।

 

English Commentary By Swami Sivananda

10.42 अथवा or? बहुना (by) many? एतेन (by) this? किम् what? ज्ञातेन known? तव to thee? अर्जुन O Arjuna? विष्टभ्य supporting? अहम् I? इदम् this? कृत्स्नम् all? एकांशेन by one part? स्थितः exist? जगत् the world.Commentary The Lord concludes Having established or pervaded this whole world with one fragment of Myself? I remain.This verse is based on the declaration in the Purusha Sukta (RigVeda10.90.3) that One arter of Him is all the cosmos the three arters are the divine transcendent Reality.I exist supporting this whole world by one part? by one limit? or by one foot. One part of Myself constitutes all beings.All beings form His foot (Taittiriya Aranyaka 3.12). The whole world is one Pada or foot of the Lord. Amsa (part) or Pada (foot) is mere Kalpana or imagination or account of our own ignorance,or limiting adjunct. In reality Brahman is without any such parts or limbs and is formless.Arjuna has now a knowledge of the glories of the Lord. He is fit to behold the magnificent cosmic form of the Lord. Lord Krishna prepares Arjuna for this grand vision by giving him a description of His glories.Arjuna says O Lord? I now realise that the whole world is filled by Thee. I now wish to behold the whole universe in Thee with my eye of intuition.Thus in the Upanishads of the glorious Bhagavad Gita? the science of the Eternal? the scripture of Yoga? the dialogue between Sri Krishna and Arjuna? ends the tenth discourse entitledThe Yoga of the Divine Glories.

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Hindi Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Harikrishnadas Goenka

।।10.42।।अथवा हे अर्जुन इस उपर्युक्त प्रकारसे वर्णन किये हुए अधूरे विभूतिविस्तारके जाननेसे तेरा क्या ( प्रयोजन सिद्ध ) होगा? ( तू तो बस? ) यह सम्पूर्णतासे कहा जानेवाला अभिप्राय ही सुन ले -- मैं एक अंशसे अर्थात् सर्व भूतोंका आत्मरूप जो मेरा एक अवयव है उससे? इस सारे जगत्को विशेष रूपसे दृढ़तापूर्वक धारण करके स्थित हो रहा हूँ। ऐसा ही वेदमन्त्र भी कहते हैं कि समस्त भूत इस परमेश्वरका एक पाद है। इत्यादि।

English Translation By Swami Adidevananda

10.42 But of what use to you is all this extensive knowledge O Arjuna? I stand sustaining this whole universe with a fragment of Mine (of My power).

English Translation By Swami Sivananda

10.42 But, of what avail to thee is the knowledge of all these details, O Arjuna? I exist, supporting this whole world by one part of Myself.

English Translation By Swami Gambirananda

10.42 Or, on the other hand, what is the need of your knowing this extensively, O Arjuna? I remain sustaning this whole creation in a special way with a part (of Myself).