श्रीमद् भगवद्गीता

मूल श्लोकः

अर्जुन उवाच

संन्यासस्य महाबाहो तत्त्वमिच्छामि वेदितुम्।

त्यागस्य च हृषीकेश पृथक्केशिनिषूदन।।18.1।।

 

English Commentary By Swami Sivananda



18.1 संन्यासस्य of renunciation? महाबाहो O mightyarmed? तत्त्वम् the essence of truth? इच्छामि (I) wish? वेदितुम् to know? त्यागस्य of Tyaga or abandonment? च and? हृषीकेशः O Krishna? पृथक् severally? केशिनिषूदन् slayer of Kesi.Commentary The teaching of the whole of the GitaSastra is summed up beautifully in this discourse. This last discourse is a brief masterly summary of all that is told in the previous chapters. Arjuna wishes to know the distinction between Sannyasa and Tyaga.Kesi was an Asura whom Lord Krishna slew. So Lord Krishna is addressed as Kesinishudana by Arjuna.The words Sannyasa and Tyaga have been used here and there in the preceding discourses but their connotations are not lucidly distinguished. Therefore Lord Krishna clearly explains to Arjuna the right significance of the two terms in the following verse.

Hindi Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Harikrishnadas Goenka

।।18.1।।इस अध्यायमें पहलेके सभी अध्यायोंमें कहा हुआ अभिप्राय मिलता है। तथापि अर्जुन केवल संन्यास और त्याग -- इन दो शब्दोंके अर्थोंका भेद जाननेकी इच्छासे ही प्रश्न करता है --,अर्जुन बोला -- हे महाबाहो हे हृषीकेश हे केशिनिषूदन मैं संन्यासका अर्थात् संन्यासशब्दके अर्थका और त्यागका अर्थात् त्यागशब्दके अर्थका तत्त्व -- यथार्थ स्वरूप अलगअलग विभागपूर्वक जानना चाहता हूँ। भगवान् वासुदेवने छलसे घोड़ेका रूप धारण करनेवाले केशि नामक असुरको मारा था? इसलिये वे उस,( केशिनिषूदन ) नामसे अर्जुनद्वारा सम्बोधित किये गये हैं।

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English Translation By Swami Adidevananda

18.1 Arjuna said I desire to know the truth about renunciation (Sannyasa) and abnegation (Tyaga) severally, O Krsna.

English Translation By Swami Sivananda

18.1 Arjuna said I desire to know severally, O mighty-armed, the essence or truth of renunciation, O Hrishikesa, as also of abandonment, O slayer of Kesi.

English Translation By Swami Gambirananda

18.1 Arjuna said O mighty-armed Hrsikesa, O slayer of (the demon) Kesi, I want to know serverally the truth about sannyasa as also about tyaga.