श्रीमद् भगवद्गीता

मूल श्लोकः

अव्यक्तादीनि भूतानि व्यक्तमध्यानि भारत।

अव्यक्तनिधनान्येव तत्र का परिदेवना।।2.28।।

 

English Commentary By Swami Sivananda

2.28 अव्यक्तादीनि unmanifested in the beginning? भूतानि beings? व्यक्तमध्यानि manifested in their middle state? भारत O Bharata? अव्यक्तनिधनानि unmanifested again in the end? एव also? तत्र there? का what? परिदेवना grief.Commentary The physical body is a combination of the five elements. It is seen by the physical eyes only after the five elements have entered into such combination. After death? the body disintegrates and the five elements go back to their source it cannot be seen. Therefore? the body can be seen only in the middle state. The relationship as son? friend? teacher? father? mother? wife? brother and sister is formed through the body on account of attachment and Moha (delusion). Just as planks unite and separate in a river? just as pilgrims unite and separate in a public inn? so also fathers? mothers? sons and brothers unite and separate in this world. This world is a very big public inn. People unite and separate.There is no pot in the beginning and in the end. Even if you see the pot in the middle? you should think and feel that it is illusory and does not really exist. So also there is no body in the beginning and in the end. That which does not exist in the beginning and in the end must be illusory in the middle also. You must think and feel that the body does not really exist in the middle as well.He who thus understands the nature of the body and all human relationships based on it? will not grieve.

Hindi Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Harikrishnadas Goenka

।।2.28।।कार्यकरणके संघातरूप ही प्राणियोंको माने तो उनके उद्देश्यसे भी शोक करना उचित नहीं है क्योंकि

अव्यक्त यानी न दीखना उपलब्ध न होना ही जिनकी आदि है ऐसे ये कार्यकरणके संघातरूप पुत्र मित्र आदि समस्त भूत अव्यक्तादि हैं अर्थात् जन्मसे पहले ये सब अदृश्य थे।
उत्पन्न होकर मरणसे पहलेपहल बीचमें व्यक्त हैं दृश्य हैं। और पुनः अव्यक्तनिधन हैं अदृश्य होना ही जिनका निधन यानी मरण है उनको अव्यक्तनिधन कहते हैं अभिप्राय यह कि मरनेके बाद भी ये सब अदृश्य हो ही जाते हैं।
ऐसे ही कहा भी है कि यह भूतसंघात अदर्शनसे आया और पुनः अदृश्य हो गया। न वह तेरा है और न तू उसका है व्यर्थ ही शोक किस लिये
सुतरां इनके विषयमें अर्थात् बिना हुए ही दीखने और नष्ट होनेवाले भ्रान्तिरूप भूतोंके विषयमें चिन्ता ही क्या है रोनापीटना भी किस लिये है।



English Translation By Swami Adidevananda

2.28 O Arjuna, beings have an unknown beginning, a known middle and an unknown end. What is there to grieve over in all this?

English Translation By Swami Sivananda

2.28 Beings are unmanifested in their beginning, manifested in their middle state, O Arjuna, and unmanifested again in their end. What is there to grieve about?

English Translation By Swami Gambirananda

2.28 O descendant of Bharata, all beings remain unmanifest in the beginning;; they become manifest in the middle. After death they certainly become unmanifest. What lamentation can there be with regard to them?