श्रीमद् भगवद्गीता

मूल श्लोकः

अर्जुन उवाच

संन्यासस्य महाबाहो तत्त्वमिच्छामि वेदितुम्।

त्यागस्य च हृषीकेश पृथक्केशिनिषूदन।।18.1।।


Hindi Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Harikrishnadas Goenka

।।18.1।।इस अध्यायमें पहलेके सभी अध्यायोंमें कहा हुआ अभिप्राय मिलता है। तथापि अर्जुन केवल संन्यास और त्याग -- इन दो शब्दोंके अर्थोंका भेद जाननेकी इच्छासे ही प्रश्न करता है --,अर्जुन बोला -- हे महाबाहो हे हृषीकेश हे केशिनिषूदन मैं संन्यासका अर्थात् संन्यासशब्दके अर्थका और त्यागका अर्थात् त्यागशब्दके अर्थका तत्त्व -- यथार्थ स्वरूप अलगअलग विभागपूर्वक जानना चाहता हूँ। भगवान् वासुदेवने छलसे घोड़ेका रूप धारण करनेवाले केशि नामक असुरको मारा था? इसलिये वे उस,( केशिनिषूदन ) नामसे अर्जुनद्वारा सम्बोधित किये गये हैं।


English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Adidevananda

18.1 Arjuna said Both Sannyasa and Tyaga as a means for release are enjoined in such Srutis: 'Not by rituals, nor by progeny, nor by rituals, nor by progeny, nor by wealth but by Tyaga alone do some attain immortality ৷৷.' (Ma. Na., 5.14). Ascertaining the truth about the Supreme Reality from a knowledge of Vedanta, and becoming purified in mind by the means of Sannyasa Yoga, these Yatis (ascetics), at the dissolution of their bodies, attain the Lord who is higher than the freed selves and become liberated from bondage' (Man. U., 3.2.6). I want to know separately the truth, viz., whether Tyaga and Sannyasa are synonymous or not. The import is this. Do these two terms Sannyasa and Tyaga have different meanings or do they signify the same thing? If they signify different things, I want to know their different natures. If they are synonymous, their identical nature should be elucidated. Then, in order to prove that the nature of both is identical and that it is such and such, the Lord explains, showing the disagreements among some disputants:

English Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Gambirananda

18.1 O mighty-armed Hrsikesa, kesi-nisudana, O slayer of (the demon) Kesi; icchami, I want; veditum, to know; prthak, severally, through their mutual distinctions; tattvam, the truth, the intrinsic nature, i.e. the real meaning; sannyasasya, of sannyasa, i.e. the meaning of the word sannyasa, ca, as also; tyagasya, of tyaga, i.e. the meaning of the word tyaga. Kesi was a demon who had assumed the form of a horse, and Lord Vasudeva had killed him. Hence He is addressed by that name (Kesi-nisudana) by Arjuna. The word sannyasa and tyaga, used in various places in the preceding chapters, are not explicit in their implications. Therefore, in order to determine them for Arjuna who had put the estion,-