श्रीमद् भगवद्गीता

मूल श्लोकः

श्री भगवानुवाच

परं भूयः प्रवक्ष्यामि ज्ञानानां ज्ञानमुत्तमम्।

यज्ज्ञात्वा मुनयः सर्वे परां सिद्धिमितो गताः।।14.1।।

Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Ramanuja

।।14.1।।श्रीभगवानुवाच -- परं पूर्वोक्ताद् अन्यत् प्रकृतिपुरुषान्तर्गतम् एव सत्त्वादिगुणविषयं ज्ञानं भूयः प्रवक्ष्यामि तत् च ज्ञानं सर्वेषां प्रकृतिपुरुषविषयज्ञानानाम् उत्तमम् यद् ज्ञानं ज्ञात्वा सर्वे मुनयः तन्मननशीलाः इतः संसारमण्डलात् परां सिद्धिं गताः परिशुद्धात्मस्वरूपप्राप्तिरूपां सिद्धिम् अवाप्ताः।पुनः अपि तद् ज्ञानं फलेन विशिनष्टि --

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Adidevananda

14.1 The Lord said I shall declare again another kind of knowledge which is distinct from what was taught earlier concerning Gunas such as Sattva, falling within the sphere of Prakrti and Purusa. This knowledge going to be revealed is the best of all forms of knowledge concerning the Prakrti and the self. Having gained this knowledge, all sages, namely, those given to meditation, have attained perfection, beyond this world, the sphere of Samsara, having attained the essential and pure form of the self. He further extols this knowledge, distinguishing it by its fruits:

English Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Gambirananda

14.1 The word param should be connected with the remote word jnanam. Pravaksyami, I shall speak; bhuyah, again-even though spoken of more than once in all the preceding chapters; of the param, supreme-it is supreme because it is concerned with the supreme Reality;-which is that?-jnanam, Knowledge; uttamam, the best-since it has the best result; jnananam, of all knowledges-. 'Of all knowledges' does not mean 'of humility' etc. (13.7-11). What then? It means 'among knowledges of all knowable things like sacrifice etc.' They do not lead to Liberation, but this (Knowledge) leads to Liberation. Hence the Lord praises it with the words 'supreme' and 'best', so as to arouse interest in the intellect of the listener. Yat jnatva, by realizing which, by attaining which Knowledge; sarve, all; munayah, the contemplatives, the monks [But not those who espoused monasticsim as a formality in in the fourth stage of life.] gatah, reached, attained; itah, from here-when this bondage of the body had ceased; param, the highest; siddhim, Perfection, called Liberation. And the Lord shows the infallibility of this Perfection: