श्रीमद् भगवद्गीता

मूल श्लोकः

तेजः क्षमा धृतिः शौचमद्रोहो नातिमानिता।

भवन्ति सम्पदं दैवीमभिजातस्य भारत।।16.3।।

 

English Commentary By Swami Sivananda

16.3 तेजः vigour? क्षमा forgiveness? धृतिः fortitude? शौचम् purity? अद्रोहः absence of hatred? नातिमानिता absence of overpride? भवन्ति belong? सम्पदम् state? दैवीम् divine? अभिजातस्य to the one born for? भारत O descendant of Bharata (Arjuna).Commentary Tejas Vigour? energy? brilliance or lustre of the skin. The aspirant who is bent on attaining salvation marches boldly on the spiritual path. Nothing can tempt him or slacken his progress. This unbroken progress towards the realisation of the Self or the Absolute is lustre. It overcomes the downward pull of Tamas.Kshama Forgiveness. He who is endowed with this virtue does not exhibit anger even when he is insulted? ruked or beaten? although he is strong enough to take vengeance. He is unaffected by the insult or injury.Dhriti The sage absorbs within himself all calamities. He is steadfast even when he is in very adverse and trying conditions this is a particular Sattvic Vritti or state of mind which removes depression or exhaustion of the body and senses when they sink down. An aspirant who is endowed with this divine attribute never gets disheartened? even when he is under severe trials and difficulties or tribulations. Dhriti is a divine pickmeup (tonic) when the body and the senses are in a state of low spirits or dejection.Saucham Purity. This is of two kinds? viz.? external and internal. External purity is achieved by means of earth and water. The mind and heart (intellect) are freed from Maya (deception? lust? anger? greed? pride? jealousy? hypocrisy? likes and dislikes) by the practice of celibacy? forgiveness? friendliness? charity? humility? nobilit? love? complacency? compassion? etc. -- this is internal purity. This is more important than external purity.Adroha Absence of hatred? absence of desire to injure others.Atimanita is great pride. A proud man thinks that he is superior to others and that he is worthy of being honoured by others. Naatimanita is the opposite of this ality.Tejas? Kshama and Dhriti are the special alities or Dharmas of the Kshatriyas (warrior class). These are the Sattvic alities of Kshatriyas. Saucham and Adroha are the special Dharmas of the Vaisyas. They are the Sattvic alities of the Vaisyas (merchant class). Absence of pride is the special Dharma of the Sudras (servant class). It is a Sattvic ality that belongs to the Sudras.The divine wealth or Daivi Sampat consists of twentysix attributes. This is a rare gift from the Lord. This is an inexhaustible wealth which cannot be taken away by dacoits. This helps the aspirant attain the imperishable and immacultate Brahmic seat. It is the shortcut to the realm of eternal bliss or Moksha.

Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya

।।16.3।। --,तेजः प्रागल्भ्यं न त्वग्गता दीप्तिः। क्षमा आक्रुष्टस्य ताडितस्य वा अन्तर्विक्रियानुत्पत्तिः? उत्पन्नायां विक्रियायाम् उपशमन् अक्रोधः इति अवोचाम। इत्थं क्षमायाः अक्रोधस्य च विशेषः। धृतिः देहेन्द्रियेषु अवसादं प्राप्तेषु तस्य प्रतिषेधकः अन्तःकरणवृत्तिविशेषः? येन उत्तम्भितानि करणानि देहश्च न अवसीदन्ति। शौचं द्विविधं मृज्जलकृतं बाह्यम् आभ्यन्तरं च मनोबुद्ध्योः नैर्मल्यं मायारागादिकालुष्याभावः एवं द्विविधं शौचम्। अद्रोहः परजिघांसाभावः अहिंसनम्। नातिमानिता अत्यर्थं मानः अतिमानः? सः यस्य विद्यते सः अतिमानी? तद्भावः अतिमानिता? तदभावः नातिमानिता आत्मनः पूज्यतातिशयभावनाभाव इत्यर्थः। भवन्ति अभयादीनि एतदन्तानि संपदं अभिजातस्य। किं विशिष्टां संपदम् दैवीं देवानां या संपत् ताम् अभिलक्ष्य जातस्य देवविभूत्यर्हस्य भाविकल्याणस्य इत्यर्थः? हे भारत।।अथ इदानीं आसुरी संपत् उच्यते --,

English Translation By Swami Sivananda

16.3 Vigour, forgiveness, fortitude, purity, absence of hatred, absence of pride these belong to the one born for a divine state, O Arjuna.

English Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Gambirananda

16.3 Tajah, vigour, not the brightness of the skin; ksama, forgiveness, absence of internal perturbation when offened or assulated-absence of anger has been explained by us as the calming down of a perturbed mind; thus, forgiveness and absence of anger are distinguished; dhrtih, fortitude, a particular function of the mind which removes the tedium of the body and organs when they become exhausted, and being rejuvenated by which the body and organs do not feel any fatigue; saucam, purity-is of two kinds: external, with the help of earth and water; and internal, the cleanliness of mind and intellect, the absence of such impurities as trickery, attachment, etc.; purity of these two kinds; adrohah, freedom from malice, absence of the desire to injure others, absence of hatred; na-atimanita, absence of haughtiness-too much self-esteem (mana) is atimanah; one having that is atimani; its abstract form is atimanita; absence of that, na-atimanita, i.e., absence of the feeling of one's being too honourable. These (alities) beginning with fearlessness and ending with this, O scion of the Bharata dynasty, bhavanti, are; (the alities) abhijatasya, of one destined to have;-what kind of nature?-the daivim, divine; sampadam, nature-of one destined to have divine attributes, of one who is worthy of the excellence of the gods, i.e., of one who would be illustrations in future. Thereafter, the demoniacal nature is now being stated: