श्रीमद् भगवद्गीता

मूल श्लोकः

कर्षयन्तः शरीरस्थं भूतग्राममचेतसः।

मां चैवान्तःशरीरस्थं तान्विद्ध्यासुरनिश्चयान्।।17.6।।

English Commentary By Swami Sivananda

17.6 कर्षयन्तः torturing? शरीरस्थम् dwelling in the body? भूतग्रामम् all the elements? अचेतसः senseless? माम् Me? च and? एव even? अन्तःशरीरस्थम् who dwells in the body within? तान् them? विद्धि know? आसुरनिश्चयान् to be of demoniac resolves.Commentary Bhutagramam The aggregate of all the elements composing the body.Elements Organs.Mam Me Vaasudeva? the witness of their thoughts and deeds.He who thus tortures Me disregards My teachings entirely.Achetasah Senseless? unintelligent? having no discrimination.

Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya

।।17.6।। --,कर्शयन्तः कृशीकुर्वन्तः शरीरस्थं भूतग्रामं करणसमुदायम् अचेतसः अविवेकिनः मां चैव तत्कर्मबुद्धिसाक्षिभूतम्,अन्तःशरीरस्थं नारायणं कर्शयन्तः? मदनुशासनाकरणमेव मत्कर्शनम्? तान् विद्धि आसुरनिश्चयान् आसुरो निश्चयो येषां ते आसुरनिश्चयाः तान् परिहरणार्थं विद्धि इति उपदेशः।।आहाराणां च रस्यस्निग्धादिवर्गत्रयरूपेण भिन्नानां यथाक्रमं सात्त्विकराजसतामसपुरुषप्रियत्वदर्शनम् इह क्रियते रस्यस्निग्धादिषु आहारविशेषेषु आत्मनः प्रीत्यतिरेकेण लिङ्गेन सात्त्विकत्वं राजसत्वं तामसत्वं च बुद्ध्वा रजस्तमोलिङ्गानाम् आहाराणां परिवर्जनार्थं सत्त्वलिङ्गानां च उपादानार्थम्। तथा यज्ञादीनामपि सत्त्वादिगुणभेदेन त्रिविधत्वप्रतिपादनम् इह राजसतामसान् बुद्ध्वा कथं नु नाम परित्यजेत्? सात्त्विकानेव अनुतिष्ठेत् इत्येवमर्थम्। आह --,

English Translation By Swami Sivananda

17.6 Senseless, torturing all the elements in the body and Me also, Who dwell in the body, know thou these to be of demonical resolves.

English Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Gambirananda

17.6 (And who,) acetasah, being non-discriminating; karsayantah, torture; bhuta-gramam, all the organs; sarirastham, in the body, ca, as also; torture eva, even; mam, Me; antah-sarira-stham, who reside in the body as the witness of its actions and intellect-non-adherence to My injunctions itself is 'torturing Me'; viddhi, know; tan, them; asura-niscayan, as possessed of demoniacal convictions. Know them so that they may be avoided. This is an instruction. The liking of persons possessing the alities of sattva, rajas and tamas for foods that are divided into three groups, viz succulent, oleaginous, etc., is respectively being shown here so that, by knowing the presence of the alities of sattva, rajas and tamas (in oneself) from the indications of the degree of one's preference for particular foods as are succulent, oleaginous, etc., one may avoid foods having the characteristics of rajas and tamas, and accept food with the characteristics of sattva. Similarly, sacrifices etc. also are being explained here under three categories according to the distinguishing ality of sattva etc. So that one may reject those known to be born of rajas and tamas, and undertake only those born of sattva.