श्रीमद् भगवद्गीता

मूल श्लोकः

अर्जुन उवाच

संन्यासस्य महाबाहो तत्त्वमिच्छामि वेदितुम्।

त्यागस्य च हृषीकेश पृथक्केशिनिषूदन।।18.1।।


English Commentary By Swami Sivananda

18.1 संन्यासस्य of renunciation? महाबाहो O mightyarmed? तत्त्वम् the essence of truth? इच्छामि (I) wish? वेदितुम् to know? त्यागस्य of Tyaga or abandonment? च and? हृषीकेशः O Krishna? पृथक् severally? केशिनिषूदन् slayer of Kesi.Commentary The teaching of the whole of the GitaSastra is summed up beautifully in this discourse. This last discourse is a brief masterly summary of all that is told in the previous chapters. Arjuna wishes to know the distinction between Sannyasa and Tyaga.Kesi was an Asura whom Lord Krishna slew. So Lord Krishna is addressed as Kesinishudana by Arjuna.The words Sannyasa and Tyaga have been used here and there in the preceding discourses but their connotations are not lucidly distinguished. Therefore Lord Krishna clearly explains to Arjuna the right significance of the two terms in the following verse.

Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya

।।18.1।। --,संन्यासस्य संन्यासशब्दार्थस्य इत्येतत्? हे महाबाहो? तत्त्वं तस्य भावः तत्त्वम्? याथात्म्यमित्येतत्? इच्छामि वेदितुं ज्ञातुम्? त्यागस्य च त्यागशब्दार्थस्येत्येतत्? हृषीकेश? पृथक् इतरेतरविभागतः केशिनिषूदन केशिनामा हयच्छद्मा कश्चित् असुरः तं निषूदितवान् भगवान् वासुदेवः? तेन तन्नाम्ना संबोध्यते अर्जुनेन।।संन्यासत्यागशब्दौ तत्र तत्र निर्दिष्टौ? न निर्लुठितार्थौ पूर्वेषु अध्यायेषु। अतः अर्जुनाय पृष्टवते तन्निर्णयाय भगवान् उवाच --,श्रीभगवानुवाच --,

English Translation By Swami Sivananda

18.1 Arjuna said I desire to know severally, O mighty-armed, the essence or truth of renunciation, O Hrishikesa, as also of abandonment, O slayer of Kesi.

English Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Gambirananda

18.1 O mighty-armed Hrsikesa, kesi-nisudana, O slayer of (the demon) Kesi; icchami, I want; veditum, to know; prthak, severally, through their mutual distinctions; tattvam, the truth, the intrinsic nature, i.e. the real meaning; sannyasasya, of sannyasa, i.e. the meaning of the word sannyasa, ca, as also; tyagasya, of tyaga, i.e. the meaning of the word tyaga. Kesi was a demon who had assumed the form of a horse, and Lord Vasudeva had killed him. Hence He is addressed by that name (Kesi-nisudana) by Arjuna. The word sannyasa and tyaga, used in various places in the preceding chapters, are not explicit in their implications. Therefore, in order to determine them for Arjuna who had put the estion,-