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यं संन्यासमिति प्राहुर्योगं तं विद्धि पाण्डव।

न ह्यसंन्यस्तसङ्कल्पो योगी भवति कश्चन।।6.2।।


Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Shankaracharya

।।6.2।। यं सर्वकर्मतत्फलपरित्यागलक्षणं परमार्थसंन्यासं संन्यासम् इति प्राहुः श्रुतिस्मृतिविदः योगं कर्मानुष्ठानलक्षणं तं परमार्थसंन्यासं विद्धि जानीहि हे पाण्डव। कर्मयोगस्य प्रवृत्तिलक्षणस्य तद्विपरीतेन निवृत्तिलक्षणेन परमार्थसंन्यासेन कीदृशं सामान्यमङ्गीकृत्य तद्भाव उच्यते इत्यपेक्षायाम् इदमुच्यते अस्ति हि परमार्थसंन्यासेन सादृश्यं कर्तृद्वारकं कर्मयोगस्य। यो हि परमार्थसंन्यासी स त्यक्तसर्वकर्मसाधनतया सर्वकर्मतत्फलविषयं संकल्पं प्रवृत्तिहेतुकामकारणं संन्यस्यति। अयमपि कर्मयोगी कर्म कुर्वाण एव फलविषयं संकल्पं संन्यस्यति इत्येतमर्थं दर्शयिष्यन् आह न हि यस्मात् असंन्यस्तसंकल्पः असंन्यस्तः अपरित्यक्तः फलविषयः संकल्पः अभिसंधिः येन सः असंन्यस्तसंकल्पः कश्चन कश्चिदपि कर्मी योगी समाधानवान् भवति न संभवतीत्यर्थः फलसंकल्पस्य चित्तवेक्षेपहेतुत्वात्। तस्मात् यः कश्चन कर्मी संन्यस्तफलसंकल्पोभवेत् स योगी समाधानवान् अविक्षिप्तचित्तो भवेत् चित्तविक्षेपहेतोः फलसंकल्पस्य संन्यस्तत्वादित्यभिप्रायः।।एवं परमार्थसंन्यासकर्मयोगयोः कर्तृद्वारकं संन्याससामान्यमपेक्ष्य यं संन्यासमिति प्राहुर्योगं तं विद्धि पाण्डव इति कर्मयोगस्य स्तुत्यर्थं संन्यासत्वम् उक्तम्। ध्यानयोगस्य फलनिरपेक्षः कर्मयोगो बहिरङ्गं साधनमिति तं संन्यासत्वेन स्तुत्वा अधुना कर्मयोगस्य ध्यानयोगसाधनत्वं दर्शयति

English Translation By Swami Gambirananda

6.2 That which they call monasticism, know that to be Yoa, O Pandava, For, nobody who has not given up expectations can be a yogi.

English Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Gambirananda

6.2 Yam, that which is characterized by the giving up of all actions and their results; which prahuh, they, the knowers of the Vedas and the Smrtis, call; sannyasam iti, monasticism, in the real sense; viddhi, known; tam, that monasticism in the real sense; to be yogam, Yoga, consisting in the performance of actions, O Pandava. Accepting what kind of similarity between Karma-yoga, which is characterized by engagement (in actions), and its opposite, renunciation in the real sense, which is characterized by cessation from work, has their eation been stated? When such an apprehension arises, the answer is this; From the point of view of the agent, there does exist a simialrity of Karma-yoga with real renunciation. For he who is a monk in the real sense, from the very fact of his having given up all the means needed for accomplishing actions, gives up the thought of all actions and their results-the source of desire that leads to engagement in work. [Thoughts about an object lead to the desire for it, which in turn leads to actions for getting it. (Also see note under 4.19)] also, even while performing actions, gives up the thought for results. Pointing out this idea, the Lord says: Hi, for; kascit, nobody, no man of action whosoever; asannyasta-sankalpah, who has not given up expactaions-one by whom has not been renounced expectation, anticipation, of results;bhavati, becomes, i.e. can become; yogi, a yogi, a man of concentration, because thought of results is the cause of the disturbance of mind. Therefore, any man of action who gives up the thought of results would become a yogi, a man of concentration with an unperturbed mind, because of his having given up thought of results which is the cause of mental distractions. This is the purport. Thus, because of the similarity of real monasticism with Karma-yoga from the point of veiw of giving up by the agent, Karma-yoga is extolled as monasticism in, 'That which they call monasticism, know that to be Yoga, O Pandava.' Since Karma-yoga, which is independent of results, is the remote help to Dhyana-yoga, therefore it has been praised as monasticism. Thereafter, now the Lord shows how Karma-yoga is helpful to Dhyana-yoga: