श्रीमद् भगवद्गीता

मूल श्लोकः

श्री भगवानुवाच

इदं तु ते गुह्यतमं प्रवक्ष्याम्यनसूयवे।

ज्ञानं विज्ञानसहितं यज्ज्ञात्वा मोक्ष्यसेऽशुभात्।।9.1।।

 

Hindi Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Harikrishnadas Goenka

।।9.1।।वहाँ (यह शङ्का होती है कि ) क्या इस प्रकार साधन करनेसे ही मोक्षप्राप्तिरूप फल मिलता है अन्य किसी प्रकारसे नहीं मिलता इस शङ्काको निवृत्त करनेकी इच्छासे श्रीभगवान् बोले --, जो ब्रह्मज्ञान आगे कहा जायगा और जो कि पूर्वके अध्यायोंमें भी कहा जा चुका है? उसको बुद्धिके सामने रखकर यहाँ इदम् शब्दका प्रयोग किया है। तु शब्द अन्यान्य ज्ञानोंसे इसे अलग करके विशेषतासे लक्ष्य करानेके लिये है। यही यथार्थ ज्ञान साक्षात् मोक्षप्राप्तिका साधन है। जो कि सब कुछ वासुदेव ही है आत्मा ही यह समस्त जगत् है ब्रह्म अद्वितीय एक ही है इत्यादि श्रुतिस्मृतियोंसे दिखलाया गया है? ( इसके अतिरिक्त ) और कोई ( मोक्षका साधन ) नहीं है। जो इससे विपरीत जानते हैं वे अपनेसे भिन्न अपना स्वामी माननेवाले मनुष्य विनाशशील लोकोंको प्राप्त होते हैं इत्यादि श्रुतियोंसे भी यही सिद्ध होता है। तुझ असूयारहित भक्तसे मैं यह अति गोपनीय विषय कहूँगा। वह क्या है ज्ञान। कैसा ज्ञान विज्ञानसहित अर्थात् अनुभवसहित ज्ञान। जिस ज्ञानको जानकर अर्थात् पाकर तू संसाररूप बन्धनसे मुक्त हो जायगा।

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Adidevananda

9.1 The Lord said I will declare to you, who does not cavil, this most mysterious knowledge called Upasana, which is of the nature of Bhakti, together with special knowledge, namely, the distinguishing knowledge of how it differs from other meditations. The import is this: You have heard of My eminence, which is distinct in kind from all other forms of greatness and is unlimited in its modes. You must have been convinced that it can be so only and not otherwise. To you whose mind is thus prepared, I shall declare that knowledge by aciring which, and making which your way of life, you will be emancipated from all evil that hinders you from attaining Me.

English Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Gambirananda

9.1 Te, to you; anasuyave, who are not given to cavilling, who are free from carping; pravaksyami, I shall speak of; idam, this. The Lord uttered the word 'this' by bearing in mind as an immediately present fact the knowledge of Brahman that will be and was spoken of in the earlier chapters. The word tu (however) is used for pointing out a distinction [The distinction of Knowledge from meditation that was being discussed.]. (I shall speak) of this itself-what is that?-(it is) guhyatamam, the highest secret; and is jnanam, Knowledge, complete Knowledge-nothing else-, the direct means to Liberation, as stated in the Upanisads and the Smrtis, 'Vasudeva is all' (7.19), 'the Self verily is all this' (Ch. 7.25.2), 'One only, without a second' (op. cit. 6.2.1), etc., and also as stated in such Upanisadic texts as, 'On the other hand, those who understand otherwise than this come under a different ruler, and belong to the worlds that are subject to decay' (op. cit. 7.25.2). (Knowledge) of what kind? It is vijnana-sahitam, combined with experience; jnatva, by realizing, by attaining; yat, which Knowledge; moksyase, you shall be free; asubhat, from evil, from worldly bondage.