श्रीमद् भगवद्गीता

मूल श्लोकः

यस्मात्क्षरमतीतोऽहमक्षरादपि चोत्तमः।

अतोऽस्मि लोके वेदे च प्रथितः पुरुषोत्तमः।।15.18।।

Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Ramanuja

।।15.18।।यस्माद् एवम उक्तैः स्वभावैः क्षरं पुरुषम् अतीतः अहम्? अक्षरात् मुक्ताद् अपि उक्तैः हेतुभिः उत्कृष्टतमः? अतः अहं लोके वेदे च पुरुषोत्तमः इति प्रथितः अस्मि। वेदार्थावलोकनात् लोक इति स्मृतिः इह उच्यते। श्रुतौ स्मृतौ च इत्यर्थः।

श्रुतौ तावत् -- परं ज्योतिरूपं संपद्य स्वेन रूपेणाभिनिष्पद्यते स उत्तमः पुरुषः (छ0 उ0 8।12।3) इत्यादौ। स्मृतौ अपिअंशावतारं पुरुषोत्तमस्य ह्यनादिमध्यान्तमजस्य विष्णोः। (वि0 पु 5।17।33) इत्यादौ।

English Translation of Ramanuja's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Adidevananda

15.18 Inasmuch as I transcend the perishable (i.e., bound) Person of the aforesaid nature, and I am higher, for reasons stated earlier, than the imperishable Person or liberated self, therefore I am styled the Supreme Person in the Smrti and Srutis. The Smrti is called Loka by reason of its leading to the meaning of the Vedas. The meaning is that I am famous in the Srutis and in the Smrti. In the Sruti for instance; 'Reaching the Supreme Light, it appears in its own nature. He is the Supreme Person' (Cha. U., 8.12.3). In the Smrti we have texts like 'I will approach Him (Sri Krsna), the Supreme Person who is the incarnation of a portion of Visnu, who is without beginning, middle or end' (V. P., 5.17.33).

English Translation Of Sri Shankaracharya's Sanskrit Commentary By Swami Gambirananda

15.18 Yasmat, since; aham, I; am atitah, transcendental; ksaram, to the mutable-I am beyond the Tree of Maya, called the Peepul Tree, which this worldly existence is; and uttamah, above, most excellent or the highest; as compared with api, even; the akasarat, immutable, which is the seed of the Tree of worldly existence; atah, hence, by virtue of being the most excellent as compared with the mutable and the immutable; aham, I; am prathitah, well known; loke, in the world; and vede, in the Vedas; as purusottamah, the supreme Person. Devoted persons know Me thus, and poets also use this name 'Purusottama' in their poetry etc.; they extol Me with this name. Thereafter, now is stated this result attained by one who knows the Self as described: